Boron is an element which is widespread in the rocks and water on the surface of the earth.
Boron minerals are natural compounds which contain different amounts of boric oxide (B2O3) in their structures. Boron minerals commonly found in Turkey are tinkal, colemanite and ulexite. These minerals are primarily enriched by subjecting to physical processes to obtain concentrated boron products, and then converted into various refined boron products by chemical processes.
Boron compounds are used in many areas such as glass industry, agriculture, chemical and detergents sector, ceramic and polymeric materials, metallurgy, nano-technologies, automotive and energy sectors, electronics and communications sectors, space and aircraft vehicles, nuclear applications, military vehicles, fuels, construction. As well as boron is consumed mostly in the form of refined boron products, it can also be consumed directly as concentrated boron products. However, approximately 80% of the boron products consumed in 2017 were used in the glass, ceramic-frit, agriculture and detergent-cleaning industry. Turkey produces the highest amount of refined boron products in the world.
The most important boron reserves are located in Turkey, USA, Russia and South America. All of the known boron deposites of our country are located in Western Anatolia, specifically; Eskişehir-Kırka, Kütahya-Emet, Bursa-Kestelek and Balıkesir-Bigadiç. Turkey has a total of 3.3 billion ton of boron reserves, which equates to 73% of the total world reserves, and puts it in first place in this respect. To reveal our boron potential clearly, the reserve development endeavors are still ongoing by Bigadiç Master Project (BIGMAP). In 2018, within the scope of this project 79.150 meters of drilling was completed.
The consumption of boron products throughout the world is nearly 4 million tons. Approximately 59% of world boron demand in 2018 was met by Turkey. By the end of 2018, the production amount of refined boron products is approximately 2.43 million tons. The production capacity was realized as 2.7 million tons in order to continue this production sustainably. In 2018, almost 2.4 million tons of boron with sales revenue exceeded 1,013 billion $ was sold. That is to say, 98% of Eti Maden’s sales revenues came from export revenues. In order to produce boron carbide, one of the high-tech boron products, in Bandırma (Balıkesir), a memorandum of understanding is signed on technology transfer. In this context, technical and commercial negotiations are ongoing.
In addition, the cleaning product was developed as a result of R&D activities at Eti Maden and registered with brand name “BORON”. In 2018, Boron Cleaning Production Plant was established.
Turkey, in order to strengthen the global market position, targets a 60% market share by selling 2.4 million tons of boron products in 2019.
The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.