Chromium-like shiny, metallic look, hard but easily broken chrome; It is one of the basic elements of metallurgy, chemistry and refractory industry. The only mineral that chrome metal can be produced economically is chromite. Chromite (FeCr2O4) mineral and chrome deposits are found in ultrabasic rocks. Pure chromite is rare. The chemical composition of chromium ore determines its use in industry. While there are limitations regarding the chemical composition and physical properties of chrome ore according to the usage areas in the industry, the usage limitations arising from the chemical composition of the ore are becoming more flexible in accordance with technological developments. High iron iron ore, defined as chemical ore, can now be used in the metallurgical industry with the developing technology.
Turkey is a country rich in chromium deposits. The main chrome deposits in our country, which have many chrome deposits, are located in Fethiye, Köyceğiz (Muğla), Guleman (Elâzığ), Kop Mountain (Bayburt), Mersin and Kayseri, between Balıkesir and Eskişehir, between İskenderun and Kahramanmaraş. Turkey, among the world's most chrome-producing countries, is exporting a portion of the chromium production. In our country, the factories that process chrome are located in Elâzığ and Antalya.
Turkey is an important country in the chrome production. The main competitors in this market are in Turkey, Kazakhstan and India. Turkish chromite ores; Since metal is easily reduced by carbon, its metal recovery efficiency is high, it can be used in direct ferrochrome production as a trough, it is possible to produce quality metal (FeCr) due to its low silica content, it provides less high dust / pollination due to its high Cr / Fe ratio and it provides a market advantage due to the fact that the slag is easily workable. Therefore, some of FeCr products can be sold in niche market where quality products are sold.
In recent years, South Africa, Turkey ranks fourth in the world market with the introduction of chromium chromium Kazakhstan and India.
Turkey is exporting chrome that it produces. Also; Turkey instead of being an exporter of raw ore rivals as mentioned above, the exchange provides the raw ore exports by exporting semi-finished and finished products should aim to increase 3-5 times.
Chromium ore prices in the main ports of China, which has a 91% share in chrome ore trade, fluctuates according to the origin and years (2000-2020). The prices that hit the floor in 2016 dropped again despite the increase in 2017. As of March 2020, the price of 40-42% piece ore finds buyers from 185-190 usd / dmt.
The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.