Iron is the fourth most common mineral on the earth's surface and the most abundant metal in the earth's crust. Iron metal is obtained from iron ores and is rarely found elemental in nature. Iron is the most used of all metals and accounts for 95% of the metals produced worldwide. The low price and high durability properties make iron indispensable in automotive, ship hull construction and use as a structural component of buildings. Steel is the most well known iron alloy.



Iron ores are rocks that can be heated and used to extract metallic iron by an economically feasible method. Iron and steel industries worldwide are dependent on iron ore. A large part of the iron ore produced is used in steel making, which is used as a raw material to produce pig iron, which is later used as the main component in steel. Iron ore minerals are mostly found as hematite and magnetite.


Australia and Brazil are among the largest iron ore producers in the world and hold most of the world's iron ore reserves. The world iron reserve is approximately 81 billion tons. Australia accounts for half of world iron ore exports. Brazil meets about 23% of total iron exports in the world.



Our country reserves areconcentrated in Sivas, Malatya, Bingöl, Adana and Kayseri regions. In addition to these ores, there are iron ore reserves in different sizes in Ankara, Balıkesir and Adapazarı regions, and the produced ore is used in cement plants. Turkey meets approximately one-third of its own production of iron consumption.


The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.