Lead and zinc mining started in Anatolia in 400 BC. Çatalhöyük excavations can take this date back to 6,400 BC. First Greeks, Romans, later Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans used these mines from time to time.
Lead, which is generally found in the form of vein type and massive mineralizations, is subjected to various enrichment processes after being removed from underground. After passing through various metallurgical and chemical processes, rainer lead is obtained for industrial use.
With its various physical and chemical combinations, lead is used in many fields in the industry. Its softness, ease of processing, high specific gravity, high boiling point, low melting point, abrasion resistance, energy absorption and short-wave rays make it a superior place in many uses. Although various materials have been used instead of lead mines in recent years, battery production is an important input of the industry in paint, chemical industry and metal alloy.
The lead source defined in the world is more than 2 billion tons. Significant lead source in recent years has been defined in countries such as Australia, China, Ireland, Mexico and Peru. The total amount of reserves on a global scale is 90 million tons (lead metal content) and Australia ranks first at this point with a share of 40%.
In 2018, a total of 4.56 million tons (lead metal content) production was made on a global scale, and this value continued at 4.5 million tons in 2019. According to World Bank data, 12,42 million tons of lead was produced in 2019, while 12,77 million tons of consumption was realized. The People's Republic of China ranks first in both production and consumption, with a share of 46%. According to MAPEG data in 2018, total lead ore production in our country was 47.98 thousand tons (rom). According to MTA data, our lead metal content source is around 860 thousand tons in our country.
Lead ore and enriched lead ore export values have changed between 130 thousand and 100 thousand ten in the last five years and reached 119 thousand tons in 2019. In the last five years, a total of 795 million dollars worth of lead was exported. In 2019, 148.4 million dollars export revenue was obtained.
Lead imports increased rapidly in 2019 compared to the previous year and reached 2,300 tons.
The average lead price for 2019 was $ 1,997 / t and the average for June 2020 was $ 1,734 / t.
The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.