Natural Stones

Our country, which has a rich potential in terms of natural stone and geological structure, has 4 billion m3 of operable marble, 2.8 billion m3 of operable travertine and 1 billion m3 of granite reserves. According to these values, Turkey has almost 40% of world natural stone reserves.


Our main natural stone types consist of crystalline limestone (marble), limestone, travertine formed limestone (onyx), conglomerate, breccia and magmatic origin rocks (granite, syenite, diabase, diorite, serpentine, etc.) in various colors and patterns.


Natural stones are used in our country and in the world for decorative purposes and building materials.


Marble production is made in almost all countries in the world, and the countries that show development in this field come to the fore with the variety and visuality of the stone. For this reason, China, Italy and our country stand out in the world marble markets.



In our country, marble mining has accelerated with the revival of the construction industry between 1970-1980, and investments have increased with the inclusion of the public sector in 1985 and with the incentives applied to the sector with the mining of marble mining in 1985, closing the marble quarries belonging to ETİBANK. With increasing investment in Turkey has become an important place in the world. Important reserves spread over a wide region throughout Anatolia and Thrace. In our country, marble reserves have been determined in over 80 different structures and over 120 different colors and patterns. Afyon, Balıkesir, Denizli, Tokat, Bilecik, Muğla, Eskişehir and Çanakkale are the cities where reserves and marble enterprises are concentrated. With the investments made in recent years, it has joined among these provinces in Diyarbakır. Turkey's Supra among the most well-known varieties of marble in the international markets, Elazig Cherry, Aksehir Black, Manyas White, Bilecik Beige, Tigerskin, Denizli Travertine, Aegean Bordeaux, Milas Lilac, Gemlik Diabase and Afyon Sugar is counted.



In the marble sector, there are 1,717 marble operating licenses (marble quarries), approximately 2,000 small and medium-sized factories and 9,000 workshops, and approximately 300,000 people are employed. Almost all of the production is done by the private sector. about 16.5 million tons in 2018 in Turkey are made of natural stone production.


Marble is exported as block or cut polished. The product with the highest added value in natural stone exports is processed marble and processed travertine. The export potential of the sector is developing rapidly in parallel with the investments. China is the first country in the export of processed marble and travertine, which constitute the most important part of exports. China and the USA follow Russia.


Our country ranks third in the world marble export after China and Italy. In 2009, especially in the export of marble and travertine, China was the country that made the most exports, leaving Italy and Spain behind. Our country is among the countries that export the most marble to the world's largest marble (block or processed) importers such as China, India and the USA. Until 2011, the Middle East countries were an important market for our country's marble sector, but political and political instability and war environment prevented the development of this market. However, marbles produced in our country are introduced in international fairs and exhibitions and find new markets.



The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.