Zinc is one of the widely used metals. It was used in ancient times, in Greek and Egyptian civilizations, in the construction of vessels, in which jewelry and dead ashes were mixed, mixed with copper. It was later produced in metal in the Middle Ages, China and India, and was able to come from China to Europe towards the end of the Middle Ages.
According to MTA data, our Zinc metal content source in our country is at the level of 2.3 million tons. In the world, the defined zinc source has been calculated as 1.9 billion tons.
Zinc is one of the three most important metals in non-ferrous metals following aluminum and copper. These three metals are mainly used to increase the corrosion resistance of iron and steel, and to make special alloys and brass alloys used in the casting industry. The recycling rate is relatively low and zinc is largely dependent on mining activities, is also used in the roofing materials and tire industry (as ZnO).
The total amount of reserves on a global scale is 250 million tons, and Australia is at the first place with a 27% share.
In 2018, a total of 12.5 million tons of zinc was produced from mines around the world, and this value increased to 13 million tons in 2019. Much of this change comes from production increases in Australia, the People's Republic of China and South Africa. The People's Republic of China is the biggest player in production with a share of 33%. As of 2018, zinc production in our country has reached 314,529 tons.
The export of zinc ore and enriched zinc ore has shown an increasing trend since 2016, and as of 2019, 350 million dollars were produced in exchange for 734 thousand tons of zinc exports.
Import values also increased as of 2017, and by seeing the peak value in the last five years in 2018, zinc reached an import volume of approximately 1.4 million dollars.
As of 2019, total production was 13.90 million tons and consumption was 13.99 million tons. China continues to be the biggest player at this point with a share of 44% in production and 48% in consumption. Our country, on the other hand, has a global share of 1.80% in consumption of zinc.
The average zinc price in January-December 2019 is $ 2,550 / ton, and the zinc prices, which have lost value since January 2020, declined to the level of $ 1,904 / ton in the average of June.
The mines in Balıkesir-Balya Rize-Çayeli in our country are the main enterprises producing zinc.
The details presented here have been prepared with the aim of informing the users of the website of our Ministry, and do not possess the characteristics of official binding documents.