Natural gas, which is flammable, lighter than air, colorless and odorless, consists of light molecular hydrocarbons such as ethane and propane, apart from methane, which forms its high density. Besides light hydrocarbons, it also contains small amounts of heavy hydrocarbons, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, helium and hydrogen sulfide. Natural gas can be found underground alone or together with crude oil. Natural gas is used extensively in electricity generation, residences, industry and service sector.
According to the data of 2021, the world natural gas reserve is approximately 188.1 trillion m3, and Russia ranks first in the world natural gas reserves with a share of 19%. According to the production data of 2021, the largest natural gas producer country in the world is the USA, meeting 23% of the world production.
408 million m3 of natural gas was produced in our country in 2022 and 54.6 billion m3 of natural gas was imported. Based on these data, it can be concluded that our country is 99% dependent on natural gas imports. Türkiye's producible reserves are approximately 544 billion m3 as of 2022. With the development of the Sakarya field discovered in the Black Sea, our natural gas reserves are expected to increase even more.
Date of Update: 12 July 2023
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